|SILVER HEMIDRACHM OF ARDAXSIR (ARTAXERXES) II, KING OF PERSIS, 1ST CENTURY BC
Ardaxsir (Artaxerxes) II, King of Persis, silver hemidrachm (Type 1b), 1st Century BC
Diameter: 14 mm.; Weight: 1.94 grams
Obverse: Royal bust left, with short beard, wearing diadem, torque, and mural crown.
Reverse: Ardaxsir standing left, holding scepter and sacrificing before altar to left. Aramaic legend around.
Very fine condition.
Ex American private collection.
Reference: D.O. Klose & W. Müseler. Die Münzen aus Persepolis von Alexander dem Großen zu den Sasaniden. Munich. 2008. No. 4/12
|Persis gained its independence from the Seleukid Empire in the late 3rd century BC and began to issue its own coinage shortly thereafter. Once the Parthians came into power during the early 1st century BC, the Parthian king Mithradates II incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of the Parthian Empire but with its own coinage. Persis was eventually able to defeat the Parthians and the last king of Persis, Ardashir I, founded the Sasanian Empire which would become the great Eastern power until the Islamic conquests of the 7th century AD.|