|GREEK SILVER TETRADRACHM OF THE SELEUKID KING SELEUKOS II KALLINIKOS, REIGNED 246-225 BC
Seleukid Kings of Syria, Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC
Diameter: 30 mm.; Weight: 16.09 grams
Commagene mint (?)
Obverse: Diademed head right.
Reverse: Apollo Delphios standing left, holding arrow, leaning on tripod.
Very fine condition.
Reference: A. Houghton & C. Lorber. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. Lancaster. 2002. No. 727.1.
|The Seleukid Empire was one of the main successor states to the Macedonian empire forged by Alexander III 'the Great'. Following Alexander's death, his greatest generals, the Diadochs, divided the empire among themselves, but the settlement was not enduring and nearly constant warfare resulted from their ambitions to widen their respective areas of control. Seleukos I, despite being passed over in the initial settlement in 323 BC, received the satrapy of Babylon in the second settlement in 320 BC. By the time of his death in 281 BC, Seleukos I had expanded his realm to encompass most of Alexander's eastern possessions from Asia Minor to Baktria. Seleukos II Kallinikos (”Beautiful Victor”) was the fourth ruler of the empire and became king when his mother, Laodice, poisoned his father Antiochus II. His rule was marked by his conflicts with Ptolemy III of the Ptolemaic Kingdom to whom he lost much territory.|